Native plant Species

Each of these species has been recorded in at least one survey of the prairie.

CoC = Coefficient of Conservativism from S&W (1994)

Swink and Wilhelm Name Common Name USDA Names CoC S Physiognomy
Agalinis tenuifolia SLENDER FALSE FOXGLOVE Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. 7 FORB Annual
Agropyron trachycaulum unilaterale BEARDED WHEAT GRASS Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex 8 Grass
Agrostis hyemalis TICKLE GRASS Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P. 1 Grass
Allium canadense
WILD ONION Allium canadense L. 2 FORB
Allium cernuum
NODDING WILD ONION Allium cernuum Roth 7 FORB
Ambrosia artemisiifolia elatior
COMMON RAGWEED Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior 0 FORB Annual
Ambrosia trifida
GIANT RAGWEED Ambrosia trifida L. 0 FORB Annual
Amorpha canescens
LEAD PLANT Amorpha canescens Pursh 9 Shrub
Andropogon gerardii BIG BLUESTEM GRASS Andropogon gerardii Vitman 5 Grass
Andropogon scoparius LITTLE BLUESTEM GRASS Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) 5 Grass
Anemone cylindrical
THIMBLEWEED Anemone cylindrica Gray 6 FORB
Antennaria neglecta
CAT'S FOOT Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. neo 4 FORB
Apios americana
GROUND NUT Apios americana Medik. 7 FORB
Apocynum sibiricum
PRAIRIE INDIAN HEMP Apocynum cannabinum L 2 FORB
Arenaria lateriflora
WOOD SANDWORT Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl 8 FORB
Asclepias incarnata
SWAMP MILKWEED Asclepias incarnata L. 4 FORB
Asclepias purpurascens
PURPLE MILKWEED Asclepias purpurascens L. 8 FORB
Asclepias sullivantii
PRAIRIE MILKWEED Asclepias sullivantii Engelm. ex Gra 8 FORB
Asclepias syriaca
COMMON MILKWEED Asclepias syriaca L. 0 FORB
Asclepias tuberosa
BUTTERFLY WEED Asclepias tuberosa L. 7 FORB
Asclepias verticillata
WHORLED MILKWEED Asclepias verticillata L. 1 FORB
Aster azureus
SKY-BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Ri 8 FORB
Aster ericoides
HEATH ASTER Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.) Neso 5 FORB
Aster laevis
SMOOTH BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A.& D. L 9 FORB
Aster novae-angliae
NEW ENGLAND ASTER Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) 4 FORB
Aster pilosus
HAIRY ASTER Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Ne 0 FORB
Aster simplex PANICLED ASTER Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd. 3 FORB
Baptisia leucantha
WHITE WILD INDIGO Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macroph 8 FORB
Baptisia leucophaea
CREAM WILD INDIGO Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell. var. l 10 FORB
Bidens frondosa
COMMON BEGGAR'S TICKS Bidens frondosa L. 1 FORB Annual
Bouteloua curtipendula
SIDE-OATS GRAMA Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr 8 Grass
Bromus kalmii PRAIRIE BROME Bromus kalmii Gray 10 Grass biennial
Cacalia plantaginea
PRAIRIE INDIAN PLANTAIN Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf. 10 FORB
Calamagrostis canadensis BLUE JOINT GRASS Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) 3 Grass
Camassia scilloides
WILD HYACINTH Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory 6 FORB
Carex bicknellii COPPER-SHOULDERED OVAL SED Carex bicknellii Britt. 10 Sedge
Carex brevior PLAINS OVAL SEDGE Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie 4 Sedge
Carex buxbaumii DARK-SCALED SEDGE Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb. 9 Sedge
Carex cristatella CRESTED OVAL SEDGE Carex cristatella Britt. 4 Sedge
Carex pellita BROAD-LEAVED WOOLLY SEDGE Carex pellita Muhl ex Willd. 4 Sedge
Carex pensylvanica COMMON OAK SEDGE Carex pensylvanica Lam. 5 Sedge
Carex sartwellii RUNNING MARSH SEDGE Carex sartwellii Dewey 6 Sedge
Carex stricta COMMON TUSSOCK SEDGE Carex stricta Lam. 5 Sedge
Carex tetanica COMMON STIFF SEDGE Carex tetanica Schkuhr 9 Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea BROWN FOX SEDGE Carex vulpinoidea Michx. 2 Sedge
Cicuta maculata WATER HEMLOCK Cicuta maculata L. 6 FORB
Cirsium discolor PASTURE THISTLE Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) S 2 FORB biennial
Comandra umbellata
FALSE TOADFLAX Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. 7 FORB
Convolvulus sepium
HEDGE BINDWEED Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. a 1 FORB
Coreopsis palmata
PRAIRIE COREOPSIS Coreopsis palmata Nutt. 6 FORB
Coreopsis tripteris
TALL COREOPSIS Coreopsis tripteris L. 5 FORB
Cornus racemosa
GRAY DOGWOOD Cornus racemosa Lam. 1 Shrub
Corylus americana AMERICAN HAZELNUT Corylus americana Walt. 5 Shrub
Cypripedium candidum
WHITE LADY'S SLIPPER Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Will 10 FORB
Desmodium canadense
SHOWY TICK TREFOIL Desmodium canadense (L.) DC. 4 FORB
Dodecatheon meadia
SHOOTING STAR Dodecatheon meadia L. 6 FORB
Echinacea pallida
PURPLE CONEFLOWER Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. 8 FORB
Eleocharis compressa FLAT-STEMMED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis compressa Sullivant 8 Sedge
Eleocharis erythropoda RED-ROOTED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis erythropoda Steud. 2 Sedge
Eleocharis smallii MARSH SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer & J 5 Sedge
Elymus canadensis CANADA WILD RYE Elymus canadensis L. 4 Grass
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE Elymus virginicus L. 4 Grass
Epilobium coloratum
CINNAMON WILLOW HERB Epilobium coloratum Biehler 3 FORB
Equisetum arvense
HORSETAIL Equisetum arvense L. 0 CRYPTOGAM
Erechtites hieracifolia
FIREWEED Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex D 2 FORB Annual
Erigeron annuus
ANNUAL FLEABANE Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. 0 FORB biennial
Erigeron canadensis HORSEWEED Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. 0 FORB Annual
Erigeron philadelphicus
MARSH FLEABANE Erigeron philadelphicus L. 4 FORB
Erigeron strigosus
DAISY FLEABANE Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd 5 FORB biennial
Eryngium yuccifolium
RATTLESNAKE MASTER Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. 9 FORB
Eupatorium altissimum
TALL BONESET Eupatorium altissimum L. 0 FORB
Eupatorium serotinum
LATE BONESET Eupatorium serotinum Michx. 0 FORB
Euphorbia corollata
FLOWERING SPURGE Euphorbia corollata L. 2 FORB
Euphorbia supina
SPOTTED CREEPING SPURGE Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small 0 FORB Annual
Fragaria virginiana
WILD STRAWBERRY Fragaria virginiana Duchesne 1 FORB
Galium aparine ANNUAL BEDSTRAW Galium aparine L. 1 FORB Annual
Galium obtusum
WILD MADDER Galium obtusum Bigelow 5 FORB
Gaura biennis
BIENNIAL GAURA Gaura biennis L. 2 FORB biennial
Gentiana andrewsii
BOTTLE GENTIAN Gentiana andrewsii Griseb. 8 FORB
Gentiana flavida
YELLOWISH GENTIAN Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt. 9 FORB
Gentiana puberulenta
PRAIRIE GENTIAN Gentiana puberulenta J. Pringle 10 FORB
Geum aleppicum strictum
YELLOW AVENS Geum aleppicum Jacq. 7 FORB
Geum canadense
WOOD AVENS Geum canadense Jacq. 1 FORB
Geum laciniatum trichocarpum
ROUGH AVENS Geum laciniatum Murr. var. trichocar 2 FORB
Geum triflorum
PRAIRIE SMOKE Geum triflorum Pursh 10 FORB
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS Glyceria striata (Lam.) A.S. Hitchc. 4 Grass
Helianthus grosseserratus
SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER Helianthus grosseserratus Martens 2 FORB
Helianthus rigidus
PRAIRIE SUNFLOWER Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. su 8 FORB
Heliopsis helianthoides
FALSE SUNFLOWER Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) 5 FORB
Heuchera richardsonii
PRAIRIE ALUM ROOT Heuchera richardsonii R. Br. 8 FORB
Hypericum pyramidatum
GREAT ST. JOHN'S WORT Hypericum ascyron L. 10 FORB
Hypoxis hirsuta
YELLOW STAR GRASS Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville 9 FORB
Iris virginica shrevei
BLUE FLAG Iris virginica L. var. shrevei (Small) E 5 FORB
Juncus balticus littoralis LAKE SHORE RUSH Juncus balticus Willd. 6 FORB
Juncus dudleyi DUDLEY'S RUSH Juncus dudleyi Wieg. 4 FORB
Juncus tenuis PATH RUSH Juncus tenuis Willd. 0 FORB
Juncus torreyi TORREY'S RUSH Juncus torreyi Coville 4 FORB
Koeleria cristata JUNE GRASS Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Sc 7 Grass
Krigia biflora
FALSE DANDELION Krigia biflora (Walt.) Blake 7 FORB
Kuhnia eupatorioides corymbulosa
FALSE BONESET Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinner 6 FORB
Lactuca canadensis
WILD LETTUCE Lactuca canadensis L. 2 FORB biennial
Lathyrus palustris
MARSH VETCHLING Lathyrus palustris L. 8 FORB
Lepidium virginicum
COMMON PEPPERCRESS Lepidium virginicum L. 0 FORB Annual
Lespedeza capitata
ROUND-HEADED BUSH CLOVER Lespedeza capitata Michx. 4 FORB
Liatris aspera
ROUGH BLAZING STAR Liatris aspera Michx. 6 FORB
Liatris pycnostachya
PRAIRIE BLAZING STAR Liatris pycnostachya Michx. 8 FORB
Liatris spicata
MARSH BLAZING STAR Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. 6 FORB
Lilium michiganense
TURK'S CAP LILY Lilium michiganense Farw. 6 FORB
Lilium philadelphicum andinum
PRAIRIE LILY Lilium philadelphicum L. var. andinu 10 FORB
Lithospermum canescens
HOARY PUCCOON Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) L 8 FORB
Lobelia spicata
PALE SPIKED LOBELIA Lobelia spicata Lam. 6 FORB
Ludwigia polycarpa
FALSE LOOSESTRIFE Ludwigia polycarpa Short & Peter 6 FORB
Lycopus americanus
COMMON WATER HOREHOUND Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W. Ba 5 FORB
Lysimachia quadriflora
NARROW-LEAVED LOOSESTRIFE Lysimachia quadriflora Sims 9 FORB
Lythrum alatum WINGED LOOSESTRIFE Lythrum alatum Pursh 7 FORB
Monarda fistulosa
WILD BERGAMOT Monarda fistulosa L. 4 FORB
Oenothera biennis
COMMON EVENING PRIMROSE Oenothera biennis L 0 FORB biennial
Oenothera perennis
SMALL SUNDROPS Oenothera perennis L. 10 FORB
Oxalis stricta
TALL WOOD SORREL Oxalis stricta L. 0 FORB
Oxalis violacea
VIOLET WOOD SORREL Oxalis violacea L. 9 FORB
Oxypolis rigidior
COWBANE Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf. 7 FORB
Panicum leibergii PRAIRIE PANIC GRASS Dichanthelium leibergii (Vasey) Frec 10 Grass
Panicum virgatum
SWITCH GRASS Panicum virgatum L. 5 Grass
Parthenium integrifolium
WILD QUININE Parthenium integrifolium L. 8 FORB