Native plant Species

Each of these species has been recorded in at least one survey of the prairie.

CoC = Coefficient of Conservativism from S&W (1994)

Swink and Wilhelm Name Common Name USDA Names CoC S Physiognomy
Agalinis tenuifolia SLENDER FALSE FOXGLOVE Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. 7 Forb Annual
Agropyron trachycaulum unilaterale BEARDED WHEAT GRASS Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex 8 Grass
Agrostis hyemalis TICKLE GRASS Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P. 1 Grass
Allium canadense
WILD ONION Allium canadense L. 2 Forb
Allium cernuum
NODDING WILD ONION Allium cernuum Roth 7 Forb
Ambrosia artemisiifolia elatior
COMMON RAGWEED Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior 0 Forb Annual
Ambrosia trifida
GIANT RAGWEED Ambrosia trifida L. 0 Forb Annual
Amorpha canescens
LEAD PLANT Amorpha canescens Pursh 9 Shrub
Andropogon gerardii BIG BLUESTEM GRASS Andropogon gerardii Vitman 5 Grass
Andropogon scoparius LITTLE BLUESTEM GRASS Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) 5 Grass
Anemone cylindrical
THIMBLEWEED Anemone cylindrica Gray 6 Forb
Antennaria neglecta
CAT'S FOOT Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. neo 4 Forb
Apios americana
GROUND NUT Apios americana Medik. 7 Forb
Apocynum sibiricum
PRAIRIE INDIAN HEMP Apocynum cannabinum L 2 Forb
Arenaria lateriflora
WOOD SANDWORT Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl 8 Forb
Asclepias incarnata
SWAMP MILKWEED Asclepias incarnata L. 4 Forb
Asclepias purpurascens
PURPLE MILKWEED Asclepias purpurascens L. 8 Forb
Asclepias sullivantii
PRAIRIE MILKWEED Asclepias sullivantii Engelm. ex Gra 8 Forb
Asclepias syriaca
COMMON MILKWEED Asclepias syriaca L. 0 Forb
Asclepias tuberosa
BUTTERFLY WEED Asclepias tuberosa L. 7 Forb
Asclepias verticillata
WHORLED MILKWEED Asclepias verticillata L. 1 Forb
Aster azureus
SKY-BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Ri 8 Forb
Aster ericoides
HEATH ASTER Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.) Neso 5 Forb
Aster laevis
SMOOTH BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A.& D. L 9 Forb
Aster novae-angliae
NEW ENGLAND ASTER Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) 4 Forb
Aster pilosus
HAIRY ASTER Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Ne 0 Forb
Aster simplex PANICLED ASTER Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd. 3 Forb
Baptisia leucantha
WHITE WILD INDIGO Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macroph 8 Forb
Baptisia leucophaea
CREAM WILD INDIGO Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell. var. l 10 Forb
Bidens frondosa
COMMON BEGGAR'S TICKS Bidens frondosa L. 1 Forb Annual
Bouteloua curtipendula
SIDE-OATS GRAMA Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr 8 Grass
Bromus kalmii PRAIRIE BROME Bromus kalmii Gray 10 Grass biennial
Cacalia plantaginea
PRAIRIE INDIAN PLANTAIN Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf. 10 Forb
Calamagrostis canadensis BLUE JOINT GRASS Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) 3 Grass
Camassia scilloides
WILD HYACINTH Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory 6 Forb
Carex bicknellii COPPER-SHOULDERED OVAL SED Carex bicknellii Britt. 10 Sedge
Carex brevior PLAINS OVAL SEDGE Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie 4 Sedge
Carex buxbaumii DARK-SCALED SEDGE Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb. 9 Sedge
Carex cristatella CRESTED OVAL SEDGE Carex cristatella Britt. 4 Sedge
Carex pellita BROAD-LEAVED WOOLLY SEDGE Carex pellita Muhl ex Willd. 4 Sedge
Carex pensylvanica COMMON OAK SEDGE Carex pensylvanica Lam. 5 Sedge
Carex sartwellii RUNNING MARSH SEDGE Carex sartwellii Dewey 6 Sedge
Carex stricta COMMON TUSSOCK SEDGE Carex stricta Lam. 5 Sedge
Carex tetanica COMMON STIFF SEDGE Carex tetanica Schkuhr 9 Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea BROWN FOX SEDGE Carex vulpinoidea Michx. 2 Sedge
Cicuta maculata WATER HEMLOCK Cicuta maculata L. 6 Forb
Cirsium discolor PASTURE THISTLE Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) S 2 Forb biennial
Comandra umbellata
FALSE TOADFLAX Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. 7 Forb
Convolvulus sepium
HEDGE BINDWEED Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. a 1 Forb
Coreopsis palmata
PRAIRIE COREOPSIS Coreopsis palmata Nutt. 6 Forb
Coreopsis tripteris
TALL COREOPSIS Coreopsis tripteris L. 5 Forb
Cornus racemosa
GRAY DOGWOOD Cornus racemosa Lam. 1 Shrub
Corylus americana AMERICAN HAZELNUT Corylus americana Walt. 5 Shrub
Cypripedium candidum
WHITE LADY'S SLIPPER Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Will 10 Forb
Desmodium canadense
SHOWY TICK TREFOIL Desmodium canadense (L.) DC. 4 Forb
Dodecatheon meadia
SHOOTING STAR Dodecatheon meadia L. 6 Forb
Echinacea pallida
PURPLE CONEFLOWER Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. 8 Forb
Eleocharis compressa FLAT-STEMMED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis compressa Sullivant 8 Sedge
Eleocharis erythropoda RED-ROOTED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis erythropoda Steud. 2 Sedge
Eleocharis smallii MARSH SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer & J 5 Sedge
Elymus canadensis CANADA WILD RYE Elymus canadensis L. 4 Grass
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE Elymus virginicus L. 4 Grass
Epilobium coloratum
CINNAMON WILLOW HERB Epilobium coloratum Biehler 3 Forb
Equisetum arvense
HORSETAIL Equisetum arvense L. 0 CRYPTOGAM
Erechtites hieracifolia
FIREWEED Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex D 2 Forb Annual
Erigeron annuus
ANNUAL FLEABANE Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. 0 Forb biennial
Erigeron canadensis HORSEWEED Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. 0 Forb Annual
Erigeron philadelphicus
MARSH FLEABANE Erigeron philadelphicus L. 4 Forb
Erigeron strigosus
DAISY FLEABANE Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd 5 Forb biennial
Eryngium yuccifolium
RATTLESNAKE MASTER Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. 9 Forb
Eupatorium altissimum
TALL BONESET Eupatorium altissimum L. 0 Forb
Eupatorium serotinum
LATE BONESET Eupatorium serotinum Michx. 0 Forb
Euphorbia corollata
FLOWERING SPURGE Euphorbia corollata L. 2 Forb
Euphorbia supina
SPOTTED CREEPING SPURGE Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small 0 Forb Annual
Fragaria virginiana
WILD STRAWBERRY Fragaria virginiana Duchesne 1 Forb
Galium aparine ANNUAL BEDSTRAW Galium aparine L. 1 Forb Annual
Galium obtusum
WILD MADDER Galium obtusum Bigelow 5 Forb
Gaura biennis
BIENNIAL GAURA Gaura biennis L. 2 Forb biennial
Gentiana andrewsii
BOTTLE GENTIAN Gentiana andrewsii Griseb. 8 Forb
Gentiana flavida
YELLOWISH GENTIAN Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt. 9 Forb
Gentiana puberulenta
PRAIRIE GENTIAN Gentiana puberulenta J. Pringle 10 Forb
Geum aleppicum strictum
YELLOW AVENS Geum aleppicum Jacq. 7 Forb
Geum canadense
WOOD AVENS Geum canadense Jacq. 1 Forb
Geum laciniatum trichocarpum
ROUGH AVENS Geum laciniatum Murr. var. trichocar 2 Forb
Geum triflorum
PRAIRIE SMOKE Geum triflorum Pursh 10 Forb
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS Glyceria striata (Lam.) A.S. Hitchc. 4 Grass
Helianthus grosseserratus
SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER Helianthus grosseserratus Martens 2 Forb
Helianthus rigidus
PRAIRIE SUNFLOWER Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. su 8 Forb
Heliopsis helianthoides
FALSE SUNFLOWER Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) 5 Forb
Heuchera richardsonii
PRAIRIE ALUM ROOT Heuchera richardsonii R. Br. 8 Forb
Hypericum pyramidatum
GREAT ST. JOHN'S WORT Hypericum ascyron L. 10 Forb
Hypoxis hirsuta
YELLOW STAR GRASS Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville 9 Forb
Iris virginica shrevei
BLUE FLAG Iris virginica L. var. shrevei (Small) E 5 Forb
Juncus balticus littoralis LAKE SHORE RUSH Juncus balticus Willd. 6 Forb
Juncus dudleyi DUDLEY'S RUSH Juncus dudleyi Wieg. 4 Forb
Juncus tenuis PATH RUSH Juncus tenuis Willd. 0 Forb
Juncus torreyi TORREY'S RUSH Juncus torreyi Coville 4 Forb
Koeleria cristata JUNE GRASS Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Sc 7 Grass
Krigia biflora
FALSE DANDELION Krigia biflora (Walt.) Blake 7 Forb
Kuhnia eupatorioides corymbulosa
FALSE BONESET Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinner 6 Forb
Lactuca canadensis
WILD LETTUCE Lactuca canadensis L. 2 Forb biennial
Lathyrus palustris
MARSH VETCHLING Lathyrus palustris L. 8 Forb
Lepidium virginicum
COMMON PEPPERCRESS Lepidium virginicum L. 0 Forb Annual
Lespedeza capitata
ROUND-HEADED BUSH CLOVER Lespedeza capitata Michx. 4 Forb
Liatris aspera
ROUGH BLAZING STAR Liatris aspera Michx. 6 Forb
Liatris pycnostachya
PRAIRIE BLAZING STAR Liatris pycnostachya Michx. 8 Forb
Liatris spicata
MARSH BLAZING STAR Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. 6 Forb
Lilium michiganense
TURK'S CAP LILY Lilium michiganense Farw. 6 Forb
Lilium philadelphicum andinum
PRAIRIE LILY Lilium philadelphicum L. var. andinu 10 Forb
Lithospermum canescens
HOARY PUCCOON Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) L 8 Forb
Lobelia spicata
PALE SPIKED LOBELIA Lobelia spicata Lam. 6 Forb
Ludwigia polycarpa
FALSE LOOSESTRIFE Ludwigia polycarpa Short & Peter 6 Forb
Lycopus americanus
COMMON WATER HOREHOUND Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W. Ba 5 Forb
Lysimachia quadriflora
NARROW-LEAVED LOOSESTRIFE Lysimachia quadriflora Sims 9 Forb
Lythrum alatum WINGED LOOSESTRIFE Lythrum alatum Pursh 7 Forb
Monarda fistulosa
WILD BERGAMOT Monarda fistulosa L. 4 Forb
Oenothera biennis
COMMON EVENING PRIMROSE Oenothera biennis L 0 Forb biennial
Oenothera perennis
SMALL SUNDROPS Oenothera perennis L. 10 Forb
Oxalis stricta
TALL WOOD SORREL Oxalis stricta L. 0 Forb
Oxalis violacea
VIOLET WOOD SORREL Oxalis violacea L. 9 Forb
Oxypolis rigidior
COWBANE Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf. 7 Forb
Panicum leibergii PRAIRIE PANIC GRASS Dichanthelium leibergii (Vasey) Frec 10 Grass
Panicum virgatum
SWITCH GRASS Panicum virgatum L. 5 Grass
Parthenium integrifolium
WILD QUININE Parthenium integrifolium L. 8 Forb
Pedicularis canadensis
WOOD BETONY
Pedicularis canadensis L.
9
Forb
Penstemon digitalis
FOXGLOVE BEARD TONGUE Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
1
Forb
Penthorum sedoides
DITCH STONECORP Penthorum sedoides L. 5
Forb
Petalostemum candidum
WHITE PRAIRE CLOVER
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
9
Forb
Petalostemum purpureum
PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER
Dalea purpurea Vent
9
Forb
Phlox glaberrima interior
MARSH PHLOX
Phlox glaberrima L.
8
Forb
Phlox pilosa fulgida
PRAIRIE PHLOX
Phlox pilosa L. ssp. fulgida (Wherry)
7
Forb
Physalis subglabrata
TALL GROUND CHERRY
Physalis longifolia Nutt. var. subgab
0
Forb
Physalis virginiana
LANCE-LEAVED GROUND CHERRY
Physalis hispida (Waterfall) Cronq.
 4 Forb
Physostegia virginiana arenaria
PRAIRIE OBEDIENT PLANT
Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth. ss
6
Forb
Plantago rugelii
RED-STALKED PLANTAIN
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
 0 Forb Annual
Polygala senega
SENECA SNAKEROOT
Polygala senega L.
8
Forb
Polygonum amphibium stipulaceum
WATER KNOTWEED
Polygonum amphibium L. var. stipula
4
Forb
Polygonum pensylvanicum
PINKWEED Polygonum pensylvanicum L.
 0 Forb Annual
Populus deltoides
EASTERN COTTONWOOD
Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.
2
Tree
Potentilla arguta
PRAIRE CINQUEFOIL
Potentilla arguta Pursh
9
Forb
Potentilla norvegica
NORWAY CINQUEFOIL
Potentilla norvegica L.
0
Forb Annual
Potentilla simplex
COMMON CINQUEFOIL
Potentilla simplex Michx
 4 Forb
Prenanthes aspera
ROUGH WHITE LITTLE LETTUCE
Prenanthes aspera Michx.
 8 Forb
Prunella vulgaris lanceolata
SELF HEAL
Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata 0
Forb
Psoralea tenuiflora
SCRUFY PEA
Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Ryd
10
Forb
Pycnanthemum virginianum
COMMON MOUNTAIN MINT
Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) T. D
5
Forb
Ratibida pinnata
YELLOW CONEFLOWER
Ratibida pinnara (Vent.) Barnh
4
Forb
Rhus typhina
STAGHORN SUMAC
Rhus hirta (L.) Sudworth
1
Tree
Rorippa palustris fernaldiana
MARSH CRESS
Rorippa palustris (L.) Bess. ssp. fern
 4 Forb Annual
Rosa blanda
EARLY WILD ROSE
Rosa blanda Ait.
5
Shrub
Rosa carolina
PASTURE ROSE
Rosa carolina L.
5
Shrub
Rubus flagellaris
COMMON DEWBERRY
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
3
Shrub
Rubus occidentalis
BLACK RASPBERRY
Rubus occidentalis L.
2
Shrub
Rubus pensilvanicus
YANKEE BLACKBERRY
Rubus pensilvanicus Poir.
3
Shrub
Rudbeckia hirta
BLACK-EYED SUSAN
Rudbeckia hirta L. 1
Forb
Rudbeckia triloba BROWN-EYED SUSAN Rudbeckia triloba L. 3
Forb Annual
Scirpus pendulous
RED BULRUSH
Scirpus Pendulus Muhl.
 4 Sedge
Scutellaria parvula leonrdii
SMALL SKULLCAP
Scutellaria parvula Michx. var. misso
7
Forb
Senecio Pauperculus
BALSAM RAGWORT Packera paupercula (Michx.) A.& D.
6
Forb
Silphium integrifolium deamii
DEAM'S ROSIN WEED
Silphium integrifolium Michx. var. de
5
Forb
Silphium laciniatum
COMPASS PLANT
Silphium laciniatum L.
5 Forb
Silphium perfoliatum
CUP PLANT
Silphium perfoliatum L.
5
Forb
Silphium terebinthinaceum
 PRAIRIE DOCK
Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq.
5 Forb
Sisyrinchium albidum COMMON BLUE-EYED GRASS Sisyrinchium albidum Raf. 7
Forb
Smilacina stellata
STARRY FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL
Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link 5
Forb
Solidago canadensis CANADA GOLDENROD Solidago canadensis L. 1
Forb
Solidago gigantea LATE GOLDENROD Solidago gigantea Ait.
4
Forb
Solidago graminifolia COMMON GRASS-LEAVED GOLD Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. var. 4 Forb
Solidago juncea EARLY GOLDENROD Solidago juncea Ait. 5
Forb
Solidago nemoralis OLD-FIELD GOLDENROD Solidago nemoralis Ait. 4
Forb
Solidago riddellii RIDDELL'S GOLDNEROD Oligoneuron riddellii (Frank ex Riddellii) 7
Forb
Solidago rigida STIFF GOLDENROD Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small var. r 4
Forb
Sorghastrum nutans INDIAN GRASS Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash 5
Grass
Spratina pectinata PRAIRIE CORD GRASS Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link 4 Grass
Sphenopholis intermedia SLENDER WEDGE GRASS Sphenopholis intermedia (Rydb.) Ry 4 Grass
Sphenopholis obtusata PRARIE WEDGE GRASS
Sphenopholis obtusata (Michx.) Scri 7 Grass
Spiranthes magnicamporum GREAT PLAINS LADIES' TRESSES Spiranthes magnicamporum Sheviak 8 Forb
Sporobolus heterolepis PRAIRIE DROPSEED Sporobolus heterolepis (Gray) Gray
10
Grass
Stachys palustris homotricha WOUNDWORT Stachys palustris L. 5 Forb
Stipa spartea PORCUPINE GRASS Hesperostipa spartea (Trip.) Barkwo 7
Grass
Tradescantia ohiensis COMMON SPIDERWORT Tradescantia ohiensis Raf. 2
Forb
Trillium recurvatum RED TRILLIUM Trillium recurvatum 5 Forb
Typha angustifolia NARROW-LEAVED CATTAIL
Typha angustifolia 1 Forb
Ulmus americana AMERICAN ELM Ulmus americana L. 3
Tree
Verbena hastata BLUE VERVAIN Verbena hastata L. 4 Forb
Veronicastrum virginicum CULVER'S ROOT Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw. 7
Forb
Viola pedatifida PRAIRIE VIOLET Viola pedatifida G. Don 9 Forb
Viola sororia COMMON BLUE VIOLET Viola sororia Willd. 3
Forb
Vitis riparia RIVERBANK GRAPE Vitis riparia Michx. 2
Vine
Zizia aurea GOLDEN ALEXANDERS Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch 7 Forb