Department of Biological Sciences (M/C 066)
University of Illinois at Chicago
845 W. Taylor St.
Chicago, Illinois 60607
Office (312) 996-0666; Summer: (608) 627-1567
Lab (312) 413-0023 or (312) 996-1820
Fax UIC (312) 413-2435
E-Mail (UIC)

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Biological Sciences


Phillips Exeter Academy, Secondary School, 1964
Earlham College, A.B., 1968
University of Michigan, A.M., 1969
University of Michigan, Ph.D., 1977

Positions Held

Wildlife Biologist, U.S. Army (inducted), 1969-1971.
Instructor in Biology, Phillips Academy at Andover, 1971-1972.
Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, 1977-1978.
Assistant Professor of Zoology, University of Iowa, 1978-1982.
Associate Professor of Biology, University of Iowa, 1982-1988.
Professor of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1988-present.


Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellowship (1977, $10,750)
Smithsonian Travel Grant (to India) (1983, $3,500)
Lincoln Park Zoo with C. Martinez-Garza (pasture revegetation, 2000-2001, $4,000; 2002-2003, $3,000)
Gabriela Nunez Iturri (2003-2004, $5,700)
National Geographic Society, 1984 (desert spatial dynamics, $10,000; 2000-2001, $9,400; 2013-2014; $19,700)
National Science Foundation (co-PI on group greenhouse facilities grant, 1986, $447,775)
National Science Foundation (for tropical seed dispersal and consequences in Panama 1979, $42,337; 1981, $62,220; 1984, $48,708; 1986, $57,729; 2001- 2004 in Tanzania with N. Cordeiro, $132,000)
National Science Foundation (for experimental prairie ecology in Wisconsin 1995-1999, $84,125, 1999- 2001, $75,000, 2002-2007, $110,000; in Illinois with co-PI J.S. Brown, 1995-1999, $100,000, 1999- 2001, $85,000, 2001-2004, $74,000)
National Science Foundation (for experimental restoration of biodiversity in agricultural mosaics in Mexico, with C. Martinez-Garza, M. Ricker and R. Dirzo, co-PIs, 2006-2010, $491,000)
National Science Foundation (Dissertation grants to my students Diane Larson, 1990, $7,000; Maria Miriti, 1994, $5,000; Manuel Pacheco, 1994, $13,500)
United States Department of Agriculture Competitive Matching Program in Range Management (Effects of burn seasonality, 1988-1993, $72,000)
University of Illinois (CRB for experimental prairie ecology 1993, $6,000; for spatial demography of desert plants 1999, $6,400; for pollination ecology 2001-2002, $12,800)
Wildlife Conservation Society with N. Cordeiro (forest fragmentation 2000, $14,000), with G. Nunez-Iturri (effects of bush meat hunting on forest trees 2003, $19,000)


Distinguished Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences (2009)
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (1992)
Distinguished Service to Nature Conservation, Society for Conservation Biology (1992)

Research Interests
(order determined by current involvement)

Experimental restoration
Plant and animal interactions
Spatial ecology of desert plants
Argument and imagery in science
Molecular microsatellite markers
Science policy
Population biology of birds

Current Teaching Assignments

Ecology of Plant and Animal Relationships
Numerous graduate and undergraduate seminars

Professional Societies

British Ecological Society
Ecological Society of America

Reviews for Granting Agencies

Conservation Foundation
Conservation International
Geographical Society
National Science Foundation (ecology, population biology, psychobiology)
Nature Conservancy
Organization for Tropical Studies
World Wildlife Fund

Reviews for Journals

Acta Oecologica, American Naturalist, American Journal of Botany, American Midland Naturalist, Auk, Biotropica, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Canadian Journal of Botany, Canadian Journal of Zoology, Condor, Conservation Biology, Ecology, Ecological Applications, Ecological Monographs, Ecoscience, Evolution, Journal of Biogeography, Journal of Ecology, Journal of Vegetation Science, Nature, Oecologia, Oikos, Ornithological Monographs, Plant Ecology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, Quarterly Review of Biology, Restoration Ecology, Science.

Selected Seminars and Presentations

American Anthropological Association (Task Force on Environment, Chicago, 1991)
American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chicago (1992)
Association for Tropical Biology, Panama City, Panama (2002)
Bombay Natural History Society (1983, 1987)
Boston University (1991)
Ecological Society of America, Salt Lake City (2000), Madison (2001)
Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (1991, 1993)
Illinois State University (2, 1991)
India Institute of Science and Technology, Bangalore, India (1987)
Indiana University (2002)
IV INTECOL Symposium on Mutualism (1986)
Lawrence University (2003)
Lake Forest College (1992, 1994)
Louisiana State University (2, 1998)
Miami University (Ohio, Midwest Pop. Biol. 1990)
Michigan State University (2, 1993; 1 2002)
Northern Illinois University (1997)
Northwestern University (1993, 2007)
Ohio State University (2005)
Population Biology of the Northeast (Keynote Speaker, 1991)
Princeton University (2, 1990)
Rutgers University (1988)
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (1983)
Society for Range Management Symposium, Wichita (1996)
Symposium on Frugivory and Seed Dispersal, Mexico (1991)
Symposium on Tropical Rainforests, Leeds, United Kingdom (1982)
Texas A&M University (2, 1992)
UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) (2003)
UNESCO Symposium on Tropical Tree Reproduction (Malaysia, 1987)
United States House of Representatives (1993)
United States Senate (1990)
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India (1987)
University of Alberta (1990)
University of California, Davis (2, 1985)
University of California, Irvine (1988)
University of California, Santa Barbara (1988)
University of Chicago (1991)
University of Illinois, Urbana (2, 1990; 1, 1994)
University of Iowa (Botany 1986, Geology 1986, Biology 1987)
University of Kansas (2, 2004)
University of Miami (2, 1986)
University of Michigan (1990; 2, 1993)
University of North Dakota (1988)
University of Oklahoma (1988)
University of Western Ontario (1988)
University of Wisconsin at Madison (2, 1991, 1996)

Graduate Students
(current in bold)

Erika Arnold (Ph.D. biogeography of parasites with Joel Brown, Bruce Patterson)
Nigel Asquith (M.S. tropical forestry)
Luca Borghesio (Ph.D. African montane bird communities)
Kesha Braunskill (M.S. seed dispersal by mammals)
Tanya Copland (M.S. fire ecology of tallgrass restorations)
Norbert Cordeiro (Ph.D. forest fragmentation and tree dispersal in Tanzania)
Denise Costich (Ph.D. sexual expression in Spanish Ecballium)
Jason Davlantes (Ph.D. incoming 2014) Elizabeth Day (M.S. bee taxonomy)
Marinés de la Pena-Domene (Ph.D. dispersal and recruitment limitation in Mexico)
Geronimo Garcia (M.S. tropical seedling strategies)
Crystal Guzman (M.S. rodent suppression of succession in Mexico)
E. Allen Herre (Ph.D. fig wasp sex ratio)
Maria Luisa Jorge (Ph.D. seed foraging by Amazonian rodents)
Diane Larson (Ph.D. mistletoe/phainopepla mutualism)
Carol Liguori (M.S. spring flower phenology)
Robin Manasse (M.S. neighbor effects in seed dispersal)
Cristina Martinez-Garza (Ph.D. tropical forest re-vegetation in Mexico)
Maria Miriti (Ph.D. spatial demography of desert plants, tropical forest restoration)
Gabriela Nunez (Ph.D. hunting and seedling dynamics of Amazonian trees)
Manoel Pacheco (Ph.D. habitat partitioning in Brazilian palms)
Susan Peterson (M.S. life history of prairie plants)
Wayne Richter (M.S. bird growth and sex ratio)
Sonali Saha (Ph.D. forest fire ecology in India)
Eugene Schupp (Ph.D. plant/animal interactions in the neotropics)
Carrie Seltzer (Ph.D. non-timber forest products in Tanzania)
Pia Sethi (Ph.D. hunting and seed dispersal in the Himalayas)
William Sluis (Ph.D. prairie succession)
Amy Taylor Sullivan (Ph.D. animal effects on prairie plant interactions)
Mariana Valencia (M.S. quantitative impacts of voles on prairie vegetation)
Paul Velazco (Ph.D. systematics of tropical bats; Field Museum with Bruce Patterson)
Jenny Zambrano (Ph.D. demography of a mammal-dispersed tropical tree)
Barbara Zorn-Arnold (Ph.D. pollination and prairie fragmentation)

Postdoctoral Students

Sophia Balcomb (Ph. D., University of Florida seed dispersal by primates)
Priya Davidar (Ph.D., University of Bombay tropical frugivory)
Suzanne Koptur (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley ant/plant interactions)
Judith Smallwood (Ph.D., Northwestern University ant ecology)
Katherine Troyer (Ph.D., University of California, Davis iguana herbivory)


1. Howe, H.F. and L.C. Westley. 1988. Ecological Relationships of Plants and Animals. Oxford University Press, New York (paperback, 1990; German edition, 1993; Italian edition 1996; second revised and expanded English edition due in prep.).

Articles and Chapters

1. Primack, R.B. and H.F. Howe. 1975. Interference competition between a hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl) and skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae). Biotropica 7: 55-58.

2. Howe, H.F. and R.B. Primack. 1975. Directional seed dispersal by birds of the tree Casearia nitida (Flacourtiaceae). Biotropica 7: 278-283.

3. Howe, H.F. 1976. Ecology of seed dispersal systems. World Wildlife Yearbook 1975-1976, World Wildlife Fund, Morges, Switzerland, pp. 178-182.

4. Howe, H.F. 1976. Egg size, hatching asynchrony, sex, and brood reduction in the common grackle. Ecology 57:195-1207.

5. Howe, H.F. 1977. Parental Investment and Sex-ratio Adjustment in the Common Grackle. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan.

6. Melampy, M.N. and H.F. Howe. 1977. Sex ratio in the tropical tree Triplaris americana (Polygonaceae). Evolution 31:867-872.

7. Howe, H.F. and G.F. Estabrook. 1977. On intraspecific competition for dispersers among tropical trees. American Naturalist 111:817-832.

8. Howe, H.F. 1977. Sex-ratio adjustment in the common grackle. Science 198:744-746.

9. Howe, H.F. 1977. Bird activity and seed dispersal of a tropical wet forest tree. Ecology 58:539-550.

10. Howe, H.F. 1978. Initial investment, clutch size, and brood reduction in the common grackle. Ecology 59:1109-1122.

11. Howe, H.F. and G.A. Vande Kerckhove. 1979. Fecundity and seed dispersal by birds of a tropical tree. Ecology 60:180-189.

12. Howe, H.F. 1979. Evolutionary aspects of parental care in the common grackle. Evolution 33:41-51.

13. Howe, H.F. and D. De Steven. 1979. Fruit production, migrant bird visitation, and seed dispersal of Guarea glabra in Panama. Oecologia 39:185-196.

14. Howe, H.F. 1979. Fear and frugivory. American Naturalist 114:925-931.

15. Howe, H.F. 1980. Monkey dispersal and waste of a neotropical fruit. Ecology 61:944-959.

16. Howe, H.F. and G.A. Vande Kerckhove. 1980. Nutmeg dispersal by tropical birds. Science 210:925-927.

17. Howe, H.F. 1981. Dispersal of a neotropical nutmeg (Virola sebifera) by birds. Auk 98:88-98.

18. Howe, H.F. and G.A. Vande Kerckhove. 1981. Removal of nutmeg (Virola surinamensis) crops by birds. Ecology 62:1093-1106.

19. Howe, H.F. and W. Richter. 1982. Effect of seed size on seedling size in a neotropical nutmeg (Virola surinamensis) A within and between crop analysis. Oecologia 53:347-351.

20. Estabrook, G.F., J.A. Winsor, A.G. Stephenson, and H.F. Howe. 1982. When are two phenological patterns different? Botanical Gazette 143:374-378.

21. Howe, H.F. 1982. Fruit production and animal activity at two tropical trees. In The Ecology of a Tropical Forest Seasonal Rhythms and Long-term Changes (E. Leigh, Jr., A.S. Rand, and D. Windsor, eds.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 189-200 (Spanish version, 1990).

22. Howe, H.F. and J. Smallwood. 1982. Ecology of seed dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13:201-228.

23. Howe, H.F. 1983. Annual variation in a neotropical seed-dispersal system. In Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management (S.L. Sutton, T.C. Whitmore and A.C. Chadwick, eds), Blackwells, Oxford, U.K., pp. 211-227.

24. Manasse, R.S. and H.F. Howe. 1983. Competition for dispersal agents among tropical trees Influences of neighbors. Oecologia 59:185-190.

25. Howe, H.F. 1984. Constraints on the evolution of mutualisms. American Naturalist 123:764-777.

26. Howe, H.F. 1984. Implications of seed dispersal by animals for management of tropical reserves. Biological Conservation 30:261-281.

27. Howe, H.F., E. Schupp, and L. Westley. 1985. Early consequences of seed dispersal in a neotropical tree (Virola surinamensis). Ecology 66:781-791.

28. Howe, H.F. 1985. Gomphothere fruits a critique. American Naturalist 125:853-865.

29. Howe, H.F. and L.C. Westley. 1986. Ecology of pollination and seed dispersal. In Plant Ecology (M. Crawley, ed.), Blackwells, Oxford, U.K., pp. 185-215.

30. Lyne, J. and H.F. Howe. 1986. Punctuated equilibria: Rhetorical dynamics of a scientific controversy. The Quarterly Journal of Speech 72:132-147.

31. Howe, H.F. and S.J. Wright. 1986. Spatial pattern and mortality in the Desert Mallow (Sphaeralcea ambigua). National Geographic Research 2:491-499.

32. Howe, H.F. 1986. Seed dispersal by birds and mammals. In Seed Dispersal (J. Murray, ed.), Academic Press, Sidney, Australia, pp. 123-189.

33. Howe, H.F. 1986. Consequences of seed dispersal by birds A case study from Central America. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 83 (Supplement) 19-42.

34. Wright, S.J. and H.F. Howe. 1987. Spatial pattern and mortality in Colorado Desert perennials. Oecologia 73:543-552.

35. Schupp, E.W., H.F. Howe, C.F. Augspurger and D. Levey. 1989. Arrival and survival in tropical treefall gaps. Ecology 70:563-564.

36. Howe, H.F. 1989. Scatter- and clump-dispersal and seedling demography Hypothesis and implications. Oecologia 79:417-426.

37. Lyne, J. and H.F. Howe. 1990. The rhetoric of expertise E.O. Wilson and sociobiology. The Quarterly Journal of Speech 76:134-151.

38. Howe, H.F. 1990. Seedling survival in a Central American tree (Virola surinamensis) Effects of herbivory and canopy closure. Journal of Tropical Ecology 6: 259-280.

39. Howe, H.F. 1990. Habitat implications of gap geometry in tropical forests. Oikos 59:141-144.

40. Howe, H.F. 1990. Seed dispersal by birds and mammals Implications for seedling demography. In Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants. Man and the Biosphere Series (K.S. Bawa and M.Hadley, eds.), Vol. 7, UNESCO, Paris and Parthenon Publishing, Carnforth, pp. 191-218.

41. Fisher, B., H.F. Howe, and S.J. Wright. 1991. Survival and growth of Virola surinamensis yearlings: Water augmentation in gap and understory. Oecologia 86:292-297.

42. Howe, H.F. and J. Lyne. 1992. Gene talk in sociobiology. Social Epistemology 6:109-163.

43. Howe, H.F. and J. Lyne. 1992. Howe and Lyne bully the critics. Social Epistemology 6:231-240.

44. Howe, H.F. 1993. Frugivory and seed dispersal: Where does the paradigm stand? Vegetatio 107/108: 3-13.

45. Howe, H.F. 1993. Aspects of variation in a neotropical seed dispersal system. Vegetatio 107/108:149-162.

46. Howe, H.F. 1994. Response of early- and late-flowering plants to fire season in experimental prairies. Ecological Applications 4:121-133.

47. Howe, H.F. 1994. Managing species diversity in tallgrass prairie: Assumptions and implications. Conservation Biology 8:691-704.

48. Dow, B.D., M.V. Ashley, and H.F. Howe. 1995. Isolation and characterization of highly variable (GA/CT)n microsatellites in the Bur Oak, Quercus macrocarpa. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 91:137-141.

49. Howe, H. F. 1995. Succession and fire season in experimental prairie plantings. Ecology 76:1917-1925.

50. Howe, H.F. and L.C. Westley. 1997. Ecology of pollination and seed dispersal. In Plant Ecology, second edition (M. Crawley, ed.), Blackwell Scientific, London, pp. 262-281.

51. Miriti, M., H.F. Howe, and S.J. Wright. 1998. Spatial patterns of mortality in a Colorado Desert plant community. Plant Ecology 36:41-51

52. Howe, H.F. 1999. Response of Zizia aurea to seasonal fire and mowing. American Midland Naturalist 141:373-380.

53. Howe, H. F. 1999. Dominance, diversity and grazing in tallgrass restoration. Ecological Restoration (North America) 17:59-66.

54. Howe, H. F. and J. S. Brown. 1999. Effects of birds and rodents on synthetic tallgrass communities. Ecology 80:1776-1781.

55. Howe, H.F. and J.S. Brown. 2000. Early consequences of rodent granivory on synthetic dicot communities. Ecological Applications 10:917-924.

56. H. F. Howe. 2000. Grass response to seasonal burns in experimental plantings. Journal of Range Management 53:437-441.

57. Maina, G. and H. F. Howe. 2000. Inherent rarity in community restoration. Conservation Biology, 14:1335-1340. 

58. Howe, H. F. and M. Miriti. 2000. No question: Seed dispersal matters. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:434-436.

59. Miriti, M., S. J. Wright, and H. F. Howe. 2001. The effects of neighbors on the mortality of a dominant desert shrub (Ambrosia dumosa). Ecological Monographs 71:491-510.

60. Howe, H. F. and J. S. Brown. 2001. Ghost of granivory past. Ecology Letters 4:371-378.

61. Cordeiro, N. and H. F. Howe. 2001. Low recruitment of animal-dipsersed trees in Montane African forest fragments. Conservation Biology 15: 1733-1741.

62. Saha, S. and H. F. Howe. 2001. The bamboo fire cycle hypothesis: A comment. American Naturalist 158:659-664.

63. Howe, H. F., J. S. Brown, and B. Zorn-Arnold. 2002. A rodent plague on tallgrass diversity. Ecology Letters. 5: 30-36.

64. Copeland, T., W. J. Sluis, and H.F. Howe. 2002. Fire season and dominance in an Illinois tallgrass prairie restoration. Restoration Ecology 10: 315-323. 

65. Howe, H. F. 2002. Vole herbivory shapes vegetation in experimental tallgrass prairie restorations (Illinois and Wisconsin). Ecological Restoration 20:278-279.

66. Martinez-Garza, C. and H.F. Howe. 2003. Restoring tropical diversity: beating the time tax on species loss. Journal of Applied Ecology. 40:423-429.

67. Saha, S. and H. F. Howe. 2003. Species composition and fire in a deciduous dry forest. Ecology 84:3118-3123. 

68. Martinez-Garza, C., J. S. Brown, and H. F. Howe. 2003. Vole herbivory affects two well-established forbs in experimental tallgrass planting (Illinois). Ecological Restoration 21:312-313.

69. Cordeiro, N. and H. F. Howe. 2003. Forest fragmentation severs mutualism between seed dispersers and an endemic African tree. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences (USA) 100:14052-14054.

70. Howe, H.F. and D. Lane. 2004. Vole-driven succession in experimental wet-prairie restorations. Ecological Applications 14:1295-1305.

71. Martinez-Garza, C., S. Saha, H. F. Howe, V. Torres, and J. S. Brown. 2004. Planting densities and bird and rodent absence affect size distributions of four dicots in synthetic tallgrass communities. Oecologia 139:433-439.

72. Howe, H.F. and M. N. Miriti. 2004. When seed dispersal matters. Bioscience 54:651-660.

73. Martinez-Garza and H. F. Howe. 2005. Developmental strategy or immediate responses of leaf traits of tropical tree species? International Journal of Plant Sciences 166: 41-48.

74. Martínez-Garza, C., V. Pena, M. Ricker, A. Campos and H. F. Howe. 2005. Restoring tropical biodiversity: Leaf traits predict growth and survival of late-successional mid-canopy trees in early-successional environments. Forest Ecology and Management 217: 365-379.

75. Zorn-Arnold, B., J.S. Brown, and H.F. 2006. Obvious and cryptic vole suppression of Desmanthus illinoiensis in experimental restorations. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 167(5): 961-968. 

76. Howe, H.F., B. Zorn -Arnold, A. Sullivan, and J.S. Brown. 2006. Massive and distinctive effects of meadow voles on grassland vegetation. Ecology 87(12): 3007-3113.

77. Howe, H. F. 2006. Is curiosity good for anybody? The George Wright Forum 23: 57-62.

78. Miriti, M. N., S. Rodríguez-Buriticá, S. J. Wright, and H. F. Howe. 2007. Episodic death across species of desert shrubs. Ecology 88(1): 32-36.

79. Saha, S. and H.F. Howe. 2006. Stature of juvenile trees in response to anthropogenic fires in a tropical deciduous forest of central India. Conservation and Society 4: 619-627.

80. Nunez-Iturri , G. and H.F. Howe. 2007. Bushmeat and the fate of trees with seeds dispersed by large primates in a lowland rainforest in western Amazonia. Biotropica 39(3): 348-254.

81. Zorn-Arnold, B., and H. F. Howe. 2007. Density and seed set in a self-compatible forb, Penstemon digitalis (Plantaginaceae), with multiple pollinators. American Journal of Botany 94(10): 1594-1602.

82. Nunez-Iturri, G., O. Olsson, and H. F. Howe. 2008. Hunting reduces recruitment of primate-dispersed trees in Amazonian Peru. Biological Conservation 141: 1536-1546.

83. Kramer, A. T., J. L. Ison, M. V. Ashley, and H. F. Howe. 2008. The paradox of forest fragmentation genetics. Conservation Biology. 22(4): 878-885. 

84. Howe, H. F. 2008. Reversal of fortune: Plant suppression and recovery after vole herbivory. Oecologia 157: 279-286.

85. Cordeiro, N. J., H. J. Ndangalasi, J. P. McEntee, and H. F. Howe. 2009. Dispersal limitation and recruitment of an endemic African tree in a fragmented landscape. Ecology 90: 1030-1041. (plus appendix)

86. Sullivan, A. T. and H. F. Howe. 2009. Prairie forb response to timing of vole herbivory. Ecology 90(5): 1346-1355. 

87. Sethi, P. and H. F. Howe. 2009. Recruitment of hornbill-dispersed trees in hunted and logged forests of the Indian Eastern Himalaya. Conservation Biology 23(3): 710-718. 

88. Zaya, D. and H. F. Howe. 2009. The anomalous Kentucky Coffee Tree: megafaunal fruit sinking to extinction? Oecologia 161: 221-226.

89. Martínez-Garza, C., A. Flores-Palacios, M. De La Peña-Domene and H. F. Howe. 2009. Seed rain and its implications in a tropical agricultural landscape. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 541-550.

90. Jorge, M. L. S. P. and H. F. Howe. 2009. Can forest fragmentation disrupt a conditional mutualism? A case from Central Amazon. Oecologia 161: 709-718.

91. Shweiki, S. and H. F. Howe. 2009. Regeneration of deep-forest Stemmadenia donnell-smithii (Apocynaceae) at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Plant Species Biology 24: 225-228.

92. Howe, H. F. 2010. Seasonal sex allocation by Common Grackles: Comment on Maddox and Weatherhead. Ecology 91(11): 3421-3424.

93. Ale, S. and H. F. Howe. 2010. What do ecological paradigms offer to conservation? International Journal of Ecology. Online. DOI: 10.1155/2010/250754. 

94. Howe, H. F., Y. Urincho-Pantaleon, M. De La Pena-Domene, and C. Martínez-Garza. 2010. Early seed fall and seedling emergence: precursors to tropical restoration. Oecologia 164: 731-740.

95. Martínez-Garza, C. and H. F. Howe. 2010. Características foliares y tasas vitales de árboles sucesionales tardíos de un bosque tropical perennifolio. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México, 86, 1-10. 

96. Sullivan, A. T. and H. F. Howe. 2011. Response of two prairie forbs to repeated vole herbivory. Oceologia 165: 1007-1015.

97. Howe, H. F. 2011. Fire season and prairie forb richness in a 21-year experiment. Ecoscience 18: 317-328.

98. Sethi, P. and H.F. Howe. 2012. Fruit removal by hornbills in a semi-evergreen forest of the Indian Eastern Himalaya. Journal of Tropical Ecology 28:531-541.

99. de la Pena-Domene, M., C. Martinez-Garza, and H.F. Howe. 2013. Early recruitment dynamics in tropical restoration. Ecological Applications 23:1124-1134.

100. Martinez-Garza, C., W. Tobon, J. Campo, and H.F. Howe. 2013. Drought mortality of tree seedlings in an eroded tropical pasture. Land Degradation & Development 24: 287-295.

101. Zambrano, J., R. Coates, and H.F. Howe. 2014. Effects of forest fragmentation on the recruitment success of the tropical tree Poulsenia armata at Los Tuxtlas, Veracruza, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 30:209-218.

102. De la Peña-Domene, M., C. Martínez-Garza, S. Palmas-Pérez, E. Rivas-Alonso and H.F. Howe. 2014. Roles of birds and bats in early tropical-forest restoration. PLoS ONE 9(8): e104656.

Notes and Book Reviews

1. Howe, H.F. 1974. Additional records of Phyllonycteris aphylla and Ariteus flavescens from Jamaica. Journal of Mammalogy 55:662-666.

2. Howe, H.F. 1974. Age-specific differences in habitat selection by the American Redstart. Auk 91:161-162.

3. Payne, R.B. and H.F. Howe. 1976. Cleptoparasitism by gulls of some migrating shorebirds. Wilson Bulletin 87:349-351.

4. Howe, H.F. and J.A. Lackey. 1975. Notes on a collection of bats from the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 20:145-147.

5. Howe, H.F. 1983. Interactions in evolution (book review of Coevolution, by D.Futuyma and M. Slatkin). Science 222:408-409.

6. Howe, H.F. 1984. Interaction and coevolution (book review of Interaction and Coevolution, by J. Thompson). Evolution 38:463-464.

7. Howe, H.F. 1985. Not all male dogs have fitness. Biotropica 17:205.

8. Larson, D. and H.F. Howe. 1987. Seed dispersal and destruction of Virola surinamensis seeds by agoutis: Appearance and reality. Journal of Mammalogy 68:859-860.

National Institutes for the Environment
(now the National Council for Science and the Environment)

1. Hubbell, S.P. and H.F. Howe. 1990. National Institutes for the Environment: A Proposal. Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment, Washington, D.C.

2. Howe, H.F. (editor). 1990. National Institutes for the Environment: A Needs Statement. 42 pp.

3. Howe, H.F. 21 March 1990. Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment. 6 pp.

4. Howe, H.F. April 1990. Testimony to the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. 6 pp.

5. Howe, H.F. 22 May 1990. Testimony to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Hearing on the Proposed EPA Ecology Institute. 5 pp.

6. Howe, H.F. and S.P. Hubbell. 1990. National Institutes for the Environment Progress Report. Washington Watch, Bioscience 40:567.

7. Howe, H.F. and S.P. Hubbell. 1990. Towards the National Institutes for the Environment. Global Environmental Change Human and Policy Dimensions 1:71-74.

8. Howe, H.F., S.P. Hubbell and D.E. Blockstein. 1991. Rationale for the National Institutes for the Environment. The Environmental Professional 12:360-363.

9. Hubbell, S.P., H.F. Howe and D. Blockstein. 1992. National Institutes for the Environment: A Proposal. Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment, Washington, D.C.

10. Howe, H.F. 1992. Investing in the Environment. Environmental Protection 3(5:) 37.

11. Hubbell, S.P., H.F. Howe and D. Blockstein. 1993. National Institutes for the Environment: A Proposal (revised). Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment. Washington, D.C.

12. Howe, H.F. and D. Lee. 1993. The New Proposal for the National Institute for the Environment. Bioscience 43:584.

13. Committee for the National Institute for the Environment. 1993. Proposal for a National Institute for the Environment: Need, Rationale, and Structure. Committee for the National Institute for the Environment, Washington, D.C., 100 pp. (Of 22 editors, I wrote the first three drafts and helped edit the others.) Reprinted as the Vol. 16 (2) issue of The Environmental Professional, June 1994.

14. Howe, H.F. 1993. The National Institute for the Environment Comparison with Other Proposals. Environmental Professional 15:428-435.

15. Howe, H.F. 4 November 1993. Testimony to the US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Science, Space, and Technology. 23 pp.

16. Howe, H.F. and D. Lee. 1994. The National Institute for the Environment: A Benefit for Microbiology. ASM News 60:118-119.

17. Howe, H.F. and D. Lee. 1994. National Institute for the Environment: What Is It? Do We Need It? Research & Exploration 10: 6-8.